Beta Blockers Side Effects: Negative And Positive

Beta Blockers (Beta Adrenoceptor) are used to treat several different types of cardiac disorders. It is not uncommon for a physician to prescribe a Beta Blocker for hypertension (high blood pressure), arrhythmia (abnormal heart beat), angina (chest pain), and congestive heart failure. What most people may not be aware of is the fact that these drugs can also be used to treat severe migraines, anxiety, and hyperthyroidism.


How Beta Blockers Work


Beta Blockers work by blocking the neurotransmitter, epinephrine, which is produced by the medulla and at the end of synthetic nerve endings. When the body’s fight-or-flight response is activated the medulla will in turn increase the amount of epinephrine and norepinephrine. The fight-or-flight response can be activated, when one becomes excited, scared, in threat, and under duress. Myocardial Infarction (heart attacks) are often caused from high levels of these neurotransmitters and that is why a cardiologist or primary care physician will prescribe these to patients.


Function Control


By consuming the prescribed amount of Beta Blocker, you may be protecting yourself from having a Myocardial Infarction. There are three different types of Beta Blockers that bind to nerve beta receptors and block the production of epinephrine and norepinephrine. These beta receptors can be found throughout the human body.

– Beta-1- Eyes, Heart, And Kidneys

– Beta-2- Lungs, Liver, Skeletal Muscles, Gastrointestinal, And Uterus

– Beta-3- Fat Cells

By stopping the production of these two neurotransmitters or hormones the blood pressure and pulse can drastically be reduced.


Side Effects


Beta Blocker medications are basically like other drugs in that they can cause minor to severe side effects. Some common side effects that one may experience includes hypertension (low blood pressure), bradycardia (slow heart rate), impotence, depression, hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), cool sensations to hands and feet, nausea, diarrhea, and dyspnea (shortness of breath). While most of the symptoms may not be anything to worry about, you still still contact the prescribing physician to make sure that you should continue taking them.