Osteoarthritis Diets: Diagnosis & Treatments

Twenty-seven million people suffered, with signs of osteoarthritis in 2005 (CDC). Around 295,000 children, under the age of eighteen, suffer from arthritis. Seven percent more women than men have been diagnosed with the disease. Osteoarthritis is a very painful disease and can eventually lead to physical debilitation.

 

What is Osteoarthritis?

Arthritis is an inflammatory condition, which affects one or more of the joints. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of the disease and may be known to some as the Degenerative Joint Disease. Although many individuals may think that osteoarthritis is an inflammatory disease, it is not. Over time cartilage (cushion between joints) will breakdown and deteriorate, until bone is rubbing up against bone, during range of motion.

Etiology

 

Once the cartilage has worn away, synovitis, inflammation will form around the tissue of the joints, due to the friction caused by the bones rubbing together. Osteoarthritis is thought to be a genetic disease, but is more often thought to be caused by mechanical stressors such as obesity, trauma, repetitive movement, forceful exertions, and aging. Knees, fingers, hands, neck, lower back, and hips are the most common joints that are targeted by osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis, gout, Paget’s disease, and septic arthritis has also been linked to osteoarthritis.

Diagnosis

 

When individuals begin to experience the early signs of osteoarthritis, they will either ignore them or try to treat them, with over the counter analgesics such as Tylenol and ibuprofen. Over time, you will need to seek treatment, because the symptoms will become more severe. An initial interview with the medical doctor will be required to collect information that will be used to help diagnose the disease. Some questions that may be asked include;

 

– Family History

– History Of Injuries

– Medical History

– Signs & Symptoms, Location Of Pain and Stiffness

– Range Of Motion Test & Physical Examination

– X-ray & MRI

– Arthrocentesis (Synovial fluid is aspirated and tested for crystal formation and Gout)

 

Signs & Symptoms

 

– Crepitus (Grinding or crunching sensation or sound at the joints)

– Joint Pain & Stiffness (worsens, during inactivity)

– Rebound Tenderness At Joint Site

– Poor Range Of Motion

– Deformity Of The Joints

– Osteophytes (Bone Spurs)

 

If you begin to notice redness, hot to touch, fever, or rash, at joint site, you should seek medical advice immediately.

Diets

 

To relieve some of the mechanical factors of osteoarthritis, including obesity, you should consider going on a diet and losing some weight. By loosing ten to eleven pounds, you can decrease the progressive nature of the degenerative joint disease and decrease your risks of getting osteoarthritis of the knee by fifty percent. Add lots of fruits and vegetables to your diet, because they contain antioxidants, which are well known for reducing joint pain and inflammation. Omega-3 fatty acids are also effective in reducing joint inflammation and stiffness. These all are all natural ways to combat the disease, before the symptoms become too severe.