Suicide And Depression: Preadolescence and Adolescence
|Suicide Stats CDC|
Living with depression is definitely a challenge. Many preadolescences and adolescences suffer from major depression. A 12-month, factual rate of 2.7% children between the ages of 8-15 (NHANES) was reported in the United States. In 2012, over two million adolescents (ages 12-17) experienced one episode of major depression, within a one-year span (NSDUH). Major depression is not to be mistaken with depression, which is intermittent periods of depression caused by several different factors including;
– Financial Stressors
– Grief (Death)
– Major Illness
– Medication Side Effects
– Hormonal Imbalance
Children and teenagers that suffer from major depression are at high risk for experiencing suicidal ideations. In 2013, young children and teenagers under 14 years of age had a suicide rate of 0.7%, while teenagers and young adults between the ages of 15-24 had a suicide rate of 10.9% (CDC). Males held the highest suicide rate in America, at a 20.2% in 2013 (CDC). The most popular method of suicide was by firearm (51.5%), with suffocation and hangings trailing behind with a 24.5%.
While no actual data is collected on suicide attempts, the government works diligently collecting information from hospitals. Nearly 495,000 individuals visited an emergency room for treatment, due to self-harm attempts, including intentional and unintentional self-inflicted suicide attempts. Females are actually known to attempt suicide three times more than males. Young children that have been sexually and physically abused are more likely to attempt suicide, but one in four children will contemplate suicide at some point.
Warning Signs Of Suicide
Many teenagers will suffer with major depression in quite, because they do not want to worry their parents and friends. This is what makes them so likely to attempt suicide, at some point in their life. Most teenagers will show some warning signs, before they attempt suicide including;
– Getting Their Affairs In Order
– Major Depression Symptoms
– Alcohol & Drug Abuse
– Speaking In Joking Terms About Suicide
– Unruly Behavior
– Change In Eating Habits With Potential Weight Loss
– Lack Of Concentration
– Becoming More Isolated
– Inability To Relate To Others
Several neurotransmitters may be related to depression in some manner. Scientific studies show that the brain’s size is significantly smaller in a person that suffers with depression and the activity in the prefrontal cortex is drastically declined. The prefrontal cortex is responsible for managing human emotions and emotional responses. When the prefrontal cortex functions are compromised a person may exhibit signs of depression.
Severe depression may require inpatient, psychological treatment, with an introduction of anti-depressants. There are several different types of drugs that may be prescribed to individuals suffering from depression including;
– Atypical Anti-Depressants- Trazodone & Remeron – Side Effects- Sedation, Sexual
– Norepinephrine & Dopamine Reuptake Inhibitors – Wellbutrin – No Sexual Side Effects
– Tricyclic Anti-Depressants – Pamelor – Severe Side Effects
There are many different types of medications that can be used to treat depression, but many people do not like to take them, because of the negative side effects. Some side effects can be tolerated, but sexual dysfunction can be intolerable for an adult. Many people taking anti-depressants have difficulty maintaining a normal relationship with their spouse or partner. Sexual therapy and counseling may be required in order to overcome these very distressing issues.