What Are The Signs Of Diabetes: Diabetes Mellitus

Nearly thirty million individuals are living with Diabetes in the United States and most of them are over the age of sixty-five. In 2012, 1.7 million new cases of Diabetes was noted in people over the age of twenty and over 208,000 individuals under the age of twenty have also been diagnosed with Diabetes (CDC). These statistics include Type I and Type II.


What Is Diabetes


Diabetes, a group of metabolic diseases, in which one experiences high blood glucose levels over a long period of time. A metabolic disease is caused by the disruption of the metabolic process, which is the chemical process that breaks food down into energy and is caused by many different factors including:
– Liver, Pancreas, and Endocrine Diseases

– Missing Vitamins & Enzymes

– Deficiencies In Nutritional Sources

– Metabolic Processes Disrupted By Abnormal Chemical Reactions
The pancreas is responsible for producing the hormone, insulin, which assists glucose in getting access to human, body cells. If you are a diabetic, your pancreas is either not producing enough insulin that is sufficient in controlling your blood sugar, or your body cannot use the amount of insulin produced efficiently, this in turn, will cause a buildup of sugar in your blood.

Three Types Of Diabetes


Type I Diabetes also known as Juvenile Diabetes normally occurs, before the age of twenty and more often at an earlier age. This type of Diabetes is characterized by the pancreas’s inability to produce insulin. The individual will be insulin dependent, which can be very difficult to live with and it is pertinent to find proper treatment. The development of new drugs and treatments has helped in increasing the individual’s longevity by many years.
Type I Risk Factors – Genetic Factors, exposure to enteric virus, which commonly attack the intestinal tract and exposure to communicable diseases, mumps and congenital rubella, has also been linked to Juvenile Diabetes. If the mother experiences preeclampsia, during pregnancy or is older, when she becomes pregnant, the baby has a higher risk of developing Type I diabetes, at some point in their lifetime.

Type I Diabetes Signs and Symptoms


Sometimes the first warning sign of Type I Diabetes in children is Diabetic Coma or deep unconsciousness.
– Intense Hunger

– Temporary Blurred Vision

– Fruity Breath Odor

– Nausea & Vomiting

– Polydipsia (Increased Thirst)

– Fatigue

– Weight Loss

– Hyperglycemia


Type II Diabetes is more common and is characterized by insulin resistance, which is when the body cannot respond to the insulin or the pancreas cannot keep up the production of insulin to suffice the body’s metabolic process. This type of Diabetes is also known as non-insulin dependent and develops over a period of time.
Type II Risk Factors – Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, and high sugar consumption, but it is not rare to see someone that is slender with Type II Diabetes.


Type II Diabetes Signs & Symptoms


You may ask what are the signs of diabetes?


– Polyuria (Frequent Urination)

– Polydipsia (Increased Thirst)

– Non-healing Sores

– Acanthosis Nigricans (Dark Skin Patches, Normally Found Skin Folds & Armpits)

– Intense Hunger

– Potential Weight Loss

– Fatigue

– Hyperglycemia


Gestational Diabetes – Onset normally starts in the third trimester (28-40 wks) of pregnancy and subsides, after birth, but it is not uncommon for the mother to develop Type II Diabetes, at this point. Mothers with Gestational Diabetes are more likely to give birth to babies with a low birth weight.




To prevent complications of Diabetes, you need to follow a strict glucose-testing regimen, follow a diabetic diet, exercise routinely, stop smoking, commit to routine vision testing and take anti-diabetic medications as prescribed by your physician. Secondary complications can appear, before you know it, but controlling your glucose levels will help, you live a normal life and prevent or delay complications.


– Neuropathy (Numbness In Feet)

– Diabetic Ketoacidosis & Ketones

– Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

– Nephropathy (Kidney Disease)

– CVA (Stroke)

– Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Syndrome (Life Threatening, Elderly)

– Gastroparesis (Stomach’s Inability To Empty Properly, Decreased Motility & Function)