Birth Defects: Anencephaly

When a woman visits her gynecologist and is told that she is pregnant, she begins to make many lifestyle adjustments including diet, activities, and adding a multivitamin/folic acid to her daily regimen. While this may or may not decrease her risks of giving birth to a newborn with a birth defect, it will definitely improve her overall wellbeing. Below you

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Part III: Anatomy Of The Leg

Muscles Plantaris A posterosuperficial, lower leg compartment muscle, which is often forgotten about, because of its extremely small size (5-10 cm length). Function is to flex the patella and plantar flex the foot. Biceps Femoris (Hamstring) A posterior, two-headed muscle located on the posterior portion of the thigh. The long head affixes to the ischium and the short head affixes to the femur.

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Part II: Anatomy Of the Leg

Muscles Extensor Hallucis Longus The thin leg muscle that is located between the extensor digitorum longus and tibialis anterior. Function is to extend (pull back) the big toe and to dorsiflex the foot, so that the toes move upward toward the shin and downward toward the floor. Fibularis Peroneus Brevis The short, small leg muscle (long muscle of the fibula) that

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Part I: The Anatomy Of The Leg

The human leg anatomy is very extensive and consists of several regions including the gluteal, hip, thigh, and foot, but most individuals refer to the leg in sections, upper and lower. The leg has many significant uses including ambulating, standing, jumping, jogging, kicking, and bending. Most or all of these activities are part of the mobility function. While athletes, sports

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Part V Foot Disorders And Ailments

Raynaud’s Phenomenon Raynaud’s Phenomenon is characterized by a cyanotic (bluish), white coloration of the toes and fingers. This is linked to arterial vasospasms, in which the vessels constrict blood flow to the extremities. There are two different types of this disorder, primary and secondary. Causes may be exposure to extremely cold temperatures, tobacco smoking, increased stress levels, carpal tunnel syndrome, atherosclerosis

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Part IV Foot Disorders And Ailments

Hammertoe Hammertoe is a deformity of the second (most often), third, or fourth toe involving the proximal interphalangeal joint. The joint will bend into a claw-like position. Mallet toe is another deformity, which is similar to Hammertoe, except in that it affects the distal interphalangeal joint. Causes are wearing stilettos, injury, and wearing shoes that are too small. Treatment will begin

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Part I Foot Disorders & Ailments

Millions of individuals are plagued with some sort of foot disorder, injury, or ailment. These disorders can cause innumerable symptoms, while some are curable, others are not and can potentially lead to debilitation, at some point. Athlete’s Foot Athlete’s Foot becomes noticeable, when a scaly rash appears between the toes. Tinea pedis is a fungal infection that is linked to

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Anatomy Of The Foot

The feet are very important for locomotion and balance. Each foot contains 26 major bones, which are linked to 33 joints and soft tissue structures. Tendons connect muscles to bones, while ligaments connect bones to bones. Dorsal Foot Phalanges are bones that are connected by bending joints. The distal phalange holds the toenail and a fleshy pad, which is located underneath the

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