Nursing Diagnosis For CHF

Around 1 million Americans were hospitalized under the diagnosis of congestive heart failure, in 2010. While most of the patients were over the age of 65 years old, the rate continued to spike in 2010, with a 29% rating, which is a huge jump from 2000 at 23%. Below you will discover what is congestive heart failure.

What is CHF

The human heart consists of four chambers, two ventricles and two atria. The ventricles work diligently to sent blood to your vital organs and tissues throughout your body, while the atria work to receive the blood from the other parts of your body. When the blood that is pumped from the ventricles is compromised, congestive heart failure will develop. This will cause the blood and other body fluids to back up into the liver, abdomen, lungs, and lower body. Below you will discover the signs and symptoms of CHF.

Signs of CHF

  • Edematous ankles, legs, and feet
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Polyuria (increased urination)
  • Respiratory audible crackles
  • Respiratory audible wheezing
  • Unproductive congested cough
  • Angina (serious symptom chest pain)
  • Tachypnea (rapid respirations)
  • Cyanosis (blue discoloration around lips, fingertips, and feet)
  • Syncope (fainting)

It is crucial that you seek treatment, if you exhibit with signs of CHF. Below you will find the effective treatment for heart failure.

Treatment for CHF

  • ¬†Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) will dilate constricted blood vessels
  • Vasodilators
  • Beta-Blockers work to effectively decrease hypertensive symptoms (lowers blood pressure)
  • Diuretics (works to decrease excess fluid buildup)
  • Angioplasty (surgery to unblock clogged arteries)

Nursing diagnosis For CHF

  • Decreased Cardiac Output
  • Excess Fluid Volume
  • Anxiety Related To Breathlessness
  • Hyperthermia
  • Ineffective Breathing Pattern
  • Activity Intolerance Related to Insufficient Oxygen for ADLs
  • Ineffective Airway Clearance
  • Metabolic Acidosis Due to Electrolyte Alteration
  • Disturbed Sleep Pattern Related To Nocturnal Dyspnea
  • Risk for Impaired Skin Integrity Related to Edema
  • Altered Respiratory Rate
  • Altered Cardiac Tissue Perfusion
  • Hypoxia Due to Congestion