A viral disease that is normally spread through a rabid animal bite. Rabies is known to cause inflammation of the brain, in all warm-blooded humans and animals.Coyote, fox, raccoon, and bats are very common carriers of rabies.
Feline rabies is currently on the rise, within the United States, with the reported cases being 3 times higher than that in dogs. Over 55,000 individuals globally fall victim to rabies each year (CDC). If you are bit by a stray animal, it is vital that you seek immediate emergency treatment. The would should be irrigated with povidone-iodine solution to decrease the risks of a bacterial infection. A tetanus injections is administered, as a postexposure prophylaxis or precautionary measure.
HRIG (human rabies immune globulin) will be administered for both bite and non-bite exposures. Humans can transmit rabies to others only if they themselves are ill from the disease.
- Pre-exposure Vaccine – HDCV (Imovax rabies) is administered per intramuscular route. PCEC (RabAvert) is also administer per intramuscular route.
- Post-exposure Immunoglobulin – HRIG (Imogam Rabies-HT) is administered intramuscular, with a local infusion at the wound site. HyperRab TM S/D is administered in the same way.
- Itching and Stinging at the Wound Site
The acute phase generally ends after 2-10 days, but if clinical symptoms appear, the prognosis is very poor.