Signs And Symptoms Of Hyperglycemia

Studies show that 279,937 individuals showed up at the emergency rooms with complaints of hyperglycemia from 1999-2011. There were 302,095 hospitalizations based on hyperglycemic diagnosis from 1999-2011 (NCBI). These statistics include 18 year olds and older, which the outcomes are unknown.

Blood glucose levels over 130 mg/dl without eating for at least 8 hours is considered to be high blood sugar. Results over 180 mg/dl post 2 hours eating is also considered to be a sign of hyperglycemia. There are many ways that you can control your blood sugar levels, if you have been diagnosed with diabetes mellitus Type I or Type II.

Etiology Of Type I Diabetes

Type I diabetes will develop due to the abnormal reaction of the immune system. The pancreas Beta Cells produce insulin, but the immune system attacks and annihilates them, so the body can no longer produce insulin. Insulin must be administered per injections to control the blood sugar levels.

Etiology Of Type II Diabetes

Type II diabetes or insulin resistant diabetes develops due to the Beta Cells inability to produce enough insulin to maintain a normal blood glucose level or the body resists the effects of insulin. This type of diabetes is mainly due to a poor diet, little exercise, and overall sedentary lifestyle.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Polydipsia (increased thirst)
  • Headache
  • Decreased Concentration
  • Blurred Vision
  • Polyuria (increased urination)
  • Fatigue
  • Weight Loss
  • Blood Glucose Levels over 180 mg/dl

Long Term Affects

  • UTIs
  • Skin Infections
  • Slow Healing Wounds
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Diarrhea or Constipation
  • Poor Vision or Blindness
  • Renal Failure
  • Neuropathy (CNS nerve damage)