Symptoms Of Stomach Cancer

Over 76 thousand Americans are living with stomach cancer, per governmental statistics, as of 2012 (http://seer.cancer.gov).  It is also estimated that 0.9% of individuals will be diagnosed with stomach malignancies at some point in their lifetime. If the cancer is localized in one portion of the stomach, with no metastasis noted, the victim will have a better prognosis rating, but only 26% of individuals are diagnosed during this stage. The 5-year survival rate for these individuals is nearly 66%, but other ailments and diseases will have a huge affect on this rating for the cancer victim.

Etiology

Stomach cancer has been linked to several factors including:

  • Tobacco Usage
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol Usage
  • Excessive Exposure to UV Rays
  • Poor Diet
  • H Pylori (which causes peptic ulcers)

Symptoms

What are symptoms of stomach cancer?

  • Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and sclera)
  • Unexplained Weight Loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Sudden Onset of Type II Diabetes Mellitus
  • Abdominal Pain (which spreads around to the back and shoulder blade)
  • Abdominal Bloating
  • Decreased Appetite
  • Excessive Heartburn
  • Hematemesis (bloody vomitus)
  • Hematochezia (bloody stool)
  • Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing)

Treatment

  • Abdominal Surgery (gastrectomy to remove a portion of the stomach)
  • Chemotherapy or Chemoradiation
  • Radiotherapy
  • Drugs (Docetaxel, Fluorouracil, Mitomycin C)

Diagnosis

  • Endoscopy
  • Barium Swallow
  • Computed Tomography Scan
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Positron Emission Tomography Scan
  • Laparoscopic Surgery