Causes Of Prostatitis: Treatments And Symptoms

Prostatitis has been noted in men that have a history of some sort of sexually transmitted disease. Prostatitis victims also had a history of prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia (NCBI). Physician diagnosed prostatitis has been noted in 4.9 cases per 1,000 men, with men admitting to decreased symptoms, within a 1-year time frame.

What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis is infection of the prostate gland. Of course, there are some cases that infection is not  noted, but the gland will be inflamed.

Types of Prostatitis

  • Type I is characterized by acute bacterial infection and acute UTI (urinary tract infection)
  • Type II is characterized by continual bacterial infection and recurring UTIs
  • Type III is characterized by pelvic pain, erection or sexual dysfunction, difficulty urinating, without urological disorder. This also has 2 subtypes including inflammatory and non-inflammatory.
  • Type IV is characterized by signs of inflammation in seminal fluids, but no symptoms are exhibited, by the victim.

What is Erection

An erection is when the penis  hardens and becomes firm, this phenomena occurs, when the tissue inside the penile tissue (corpora cavernosa, blood vessels, and cavities) fill up with blood. The blood becomes trapped between the penile tissue, by high pressure. Below you will discover the prostatitis symptoms.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostatitis

  • Pelvic pain
  • Hematuria (blood in urine)
  • Pain with bowel movement and ejaculation
  • Dysuria (painful urination)
  • Oliguria (decreased urine output of less than 400-500 ml, within a 24-hour period)
  • Anuria (no urine output or less than 100 ml of urine, within a 24-hour period)
  • Urinary urgency
  • Fever
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Hypotension (if untreated)

The symptoms of prostatitis varies from individual to individual, so you may experience all or partial symptoms related to prostatis.

Prostatitis Causes

Prostatitis can be a secondary diagnosis related to immune and nervous system disorders or trauma to the prostate. What causes prostatitis may also be linked to UTIs, bacterial infections, chemical irritation, parasites, and benign prostate hyperplasia complications.

Prostatitis Diet

There are many food products that should be avoided, if you have been diagnosed with prostatitis, because they can trigger or aggravate the symptoms.

  • Spicy and Acidic Foods
  • Wheat
  • Gluten
  • Caffeine and Alcohol Consumption
  • Foods that contain capsaicin should also be avoided (jalapeno and hot peppers)

Foods that you should include in your diet include:

  • Fruits (avoid acidic fruits) and Vegetables (avoid tomatoes)
  • High protein foods
  • Zinc supplements
  • Omega-3 fatty acids
  • High fiber foods

Antibiotics for Prostatitis

  • Doxycycline
  • Ciprofloxacin
  • Bactrim or Septra
  • Norfloxacin

Other Treatments and Recommendations

Avoid bicycling and horseback riding, because these activities can put pressure on the perineal area and trigger or aggravate symptoms.

Transurethral vaporization of the prostate is used on rare occasions to remove prostatic stones.

Prostatitis Diagnosis

  • Digital rectal exam
  • Transrectal ultrasound
  • Prostate biopsy
  • Prostate fluid analysis
  • Urinalysis with culture and sensitivity