Nursing Diagnosis For Asthma: Symptoms

Over 25 million American were diagnosed with asthma in 2009 (CDC) and 7 million of them are children. Asthma can be a debilitating disease, if not treated properly. Although there is no cure for asthma, with the proper medications individuals can life a normal lifestyle. Most asthma suffers will exhibit symptoms, in the early morning hours and when exposed to environmental, chemical, and biological factors.

To see more about the structures of the lung click here.

Asthma Symptoms in Adults

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Audible wheezing
  • Fatigue upon mild exertion
  • Intermittent Cough (worsens early morning and night)
  • Inability to sleep due to cough and dyspnea

Symptoms will worsen upon exertion, physical activity, exposure to cold temperatures, and with increased anxiety.

Asthma symptoms in children are basically the same, as an adult. It is crucial that you know what are symptoms of asthma, so you can help pinpoint your child’s condition, which will require a full medical workup.

Asthma Attack Symptoms

Asthma attacks are sudden worsening of symptoms, which is followed by bronchospasms. The accessory muscles are used to help the individual breathe, so chest retractions will be noted. Inflammation, bronchospasm, and excess mucus production are linked to an asthma attack. Symptoms of asthma attack includes:

  • Severe wheezing
  • Continuing cough
  • Tachypnea (increased respirations)
  • Chest tightness with feeling of pressure being applied
  • Chest retractions
  • Difficulty talking due to dyspnea
  • Diaphoresis (excessive sweating)
  • Cyanosis (blue coloring around the lips and tips of fingers)
  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)

Asthma Inhaler Brands

  • Advair Diskus
  • Maxair
  • Symbicort
  • Atrovent
  • Proventil HFA (short-acting beta-agonists bronchodilator or asthma rescue inhaler)
  • SereVent
  • Spiriva
  • Asmanex Twisthaler
  • Flovent Diskus
  • Qvar
  • Ventolin HFA
  • Xopenex HFA
  • Pulmicort flexhaler

Types of Asthma Inhalers

  • Metered dose inhaler with or without face mask/spacer
  • Dry powder inhaler

Nursing Diagnosis for Asthma

  • Ineffective airway clearance
  • Ineffective breathing pattern
  • Impaired gas exchange
  • Fatigue
  • Risk for activity intolerance
  • Anxiety
  • Risk for contamination
  • Knowledge deficient: about asthma