vitamin D deficiency Symptoms In Men
Vitamin D deficiency is classified, as having a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin concentration level of less than 30 nanomoles per liter or less than 12 nanogram per mL. Children with these laboratory findings are at a high risk for rickets and adults will be at a high risk for osteomalacia (weak bones and faulty bone formation or mineralization) (NIH).
Adequate Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations will be higher than 50 nmol/L or 20 ng/mL. Those with levels over 125nmol/L are at a high risk for adverse effects of vitamin D, since these levels are extremely high.
Vitamin D Deficiency Weight Gain
It was reported in 2012 that women, whom exhibited a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentration of less than 30 nanomoles per liter, where at a higher risk for gaining weight. While the weight gain only amount to about 2 pounds, which was most likely contributed to the fact that fat cells contain vitamin D receptors. Fat cells size can be altered by Vitamin D, so this may be linked to the extra weight gain (Erin LeBlanc, M.D.).
Vitamin D Deficiency Symptoms
Adults will exhibit different symptoms than children, when they have been diagnosed with vitamin d deficiency.
- Pain in the joints, bones, spine, and sternum
- Muscle weakness and spasms
It is crucial that you recognize the signs of vitamin D deficiency, so that you can seek treatment, in order to combat the serious risks that can potentially lead to mortality.
Serious Effects of Vitamin D Deficiency
Of course, the seriousness of vitamin D deficiency will depend on the results of your 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels.
- Cardiac failure
- Cardiovascular disease
- Cognitive impairment
- Autoimmune disease
- Musculoskeletal diseases
Vitamin D Deficiency Symptoms in Women
Women are at a higher risk of getting osteoporosis than men. While this is most often linked to a decrease in estrogen levels during menopause, vitamin D deficiency can also increase the risks for women. Vitamin D deficiency can also alter calcium absorption, which leads to osteoporosis, bone fractures, and pain in the bones.
Vitamin D Deficiency Treatment
Vitamin is found in the UVB sun rays and a limited amount of foods including fish (salmon, herring, tuna, catfish), Shiitake mushrooms, mackerel, cod liver oil, eggs, orange juice, yogurt, and milk. It is impossible to eat enough to meet the daily intake recommendations, so many turn to vitamin D supplements. The recommended dietary allowance for adult males and females between 19-70 should consume 600 IU daily and over 70 years of age should consume 80 IU daily (NIH).
Pregnant or lactating females between the ages of 19-50 should also consume 600 IU daily.
Vitamin D Deficiency Treatment Guidelines
This fat-soluble vitamin (stores in the adipose tissue) is normally consumed in foods, but without sun exposure the body will not be able to produce enough vitamin D. Ten minutes of sunlight exposure daily is recommended for fair skin individuals, without the use of sunscreen. This will give you 10,000 IU of vitamin D. Dark skinned individuals should acquire around 15-20 minutes of sun exposure daily, which can aid in combating vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D is responsible for immune and neuromuscular function, along with cell growth modulation. The daily recommended dietary allowance must be sufficient, in order for you to maintain good bone and immune health.
Vitamin D is also necessary for calcium absorption and metabolism, as well. New recommended daily amounts of vitamin D is listed on the National Institutes of Health website for further viewing.