What Causes Hair Loss In Women

Alopecia is a very common condition that affects men, women, and young children. The genuine cause of alopecia is still yet unknown, but it may be linked to heredity. Although alopecia is a none life threatening condition, it can be very detrimental to the self esteem.

Reasons For Hair Loss In Women

Alopecia may be linked to an immune system condition or autoimmune condition. When a antigen enters the body, the immune system is instantly alerted and immune cells or leukocytes go to work. A phagocyte cell eat the antigen and takes it to the nearest lymph node to be filtered out of the body, this alerts a helper T cell that antigens are present. Killer T cells are activated and will try to combat the pathogen, but in some cases this is not possible, because there are too many of them.

The second line of defense is activated a B cell will replicate the antigen and then divides to produce plasma and memory cells. The plasma cells produce an antibody that is very effective in killing the antigen.

When there is an abnormality in the immune system, the immune cells will accidently attack human body tissue, which is the case of alopecia. The immune system will mistakenly attack the hair cells.

Sudden Hair Loss in Women

There are 3 different types of alopecia, which has been classed according to the amount of hair loss that the individual will experience.

  • Alopecia areata presents with only patches of hair loss
  • Alopecia totalis presents with total loss of the scalp hair (from time of onset, total hair loss will be noted within 6 months)
  • Alopecia universalis presents with total loss of scalp and body hair

Hair falling out women can be very detrimental to their self-esteem, more so than a male. Most individuals feel that it is just natural to have hair loss, after your reach your mid-life point, but this is not the case.

It is been reported, by medical experts that aging women produce less sebum (oil secretion that is produced by sebaceous glands), which is responsible for keeping the hair hydrated and preventing it from drying out. Women’s hair will become brittle and break off at the root, if it is not hydrated properly. Below you will discover some factors that may be contributed to hair loss in women.

  • Pregnancy (hormonal changes)
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Psoriasis
  • Seborrheic Dermatitis
  • Anemias
  • Menopause
  • Extreme Stress and Anxiety
  • Weight Loss (extreme)
  • Excessive Vitamin A Intake
  • Excessive Use of Hair Dyes, Chemical Treatments, and Over Brushing

Hair Regeneration

Hair regeneration begins in the papilla, which is located at the base of the hair follicle. The papilla contains blood vessels that provide nourishment to the hair cells. The bulb, which surrounds the bottom portion of the papilla is where hair regeneration occurs. The bulb’s cells will divide every 23-72 hours, when this process becomes compromised, alopecia is inevitable.

Women that have short hair, not by choice, will have a shorter anagen period, which is the active hair growth phase. The phase normally lasts from 2-6 years, in scalp hair and 30-45 days in other body parts (eyelashes, legs).

Catagen hair phase is better known as the transitional phase, because hair growth is halted and the root sheath shrinks. This phase can last from 2-3 weeks tops. Club hair forms during this phase, as well.

Telogen hair phase is better known as the resting phase. During this phase the 25-100 telogen hair will shed daily.

Treatment for Alopecia in Women

 

  • Topical medications (Minoxidil)