What Is A Burn

A burn is classified, as a severe injury to the skin or body part that has been exposed to high temperature flames or boiling liquids, electrical sources, chemical source, and sun or UVR. A burn can also cause skin cells to die and serious complications, but this will mostly be based on the degree or level of the burn. The skin burn treatment will vary according to the burn degree.

Types of Burns and Burn Degree

  • First Degree Burn or superficial burn will only affect the epidermis (first layer of skin). The skin will become reddened, but no blisters are noted. The skin will become dry, during the healing process occurs.
  • Second Degree Burn will affect the epidermis and partial dermis , with blistering,inflammation, thickening of the skin noted.
  • Third Degree is the worst type of burn and often called “full thickness burn.” The symptoms will include dry/leathery skin, with black, white, brown, or yellow skin coloring, edema, decreased sensation. Most victims will not experience pain, because the all the skin tissue was involved including epidermis, dermis, nerves, sensory nerve ending, capillaries, hair follicles, fat, muscle, and sebaceous gland.

Below you will discover what to do for burns. Treating a minor degree burn will not require a visit to your primary care physician, because you can successfully treat it at home.

  • First degree burn treatment or minor burn treatment will begin with flushing the wound with cool water, be sure to hold it under the tap for about 5 minutes. If you exhibit pain, you can take an over the counter NSAID (Advil) to decrease inflammation or Tylenol. Apply aloe vera to ease the burning sensation. The best treatment for burns (minor) is to allow it to get air.
  • Second degree burn treatment is more serious than the first degree, because it involves more tissue damage. Since blisters have developed, you will need to dress the wound 3-4 times a day to avoid bacterial infection. Grafting may be required, in more serious conditions, but most often, you can successfully treat the wound at home. The first step to run cool water over the affected area for about 15 minutes, apply antibiotic cream to wound, and wrap the area with a lose bandage. If the wound is on the facial, buttocks, hands, feet, or groin area, you may experience more pain and require an ER visit.
  • Third degree burn will require immediate ER care, so do not attempt to treat this type of wound on your own. The medical professionals will clean and debride the wound at the hospital. IV fluids, antibiotics, and a high-protein diet will be required to increase healing process.

Make sure that you follow the above treatment for burns and if signs of infection, which includes fever, skin warm to touch, edema, yellow/brown exudate (drainage), pustules (bump filled with pus), and bullae (blisters).

Remember that sometimes 2nd degree burns treatment requires skin grafting, especially, if the wound is on the facial or visible area of the body.

Treatment for second degree burns that are no larger than 3″ in diameter can safely be treated at home, with over the counter ointments and gels. Over 3″ in diameter, you may want to seek the advice of your primary care physician for treatment options.