Symptoms Of Stomach Bleeding
Stomach bleeding may be linked to innumerable gastrointestinal disorders. The actual source of the bleed can be very challenging to find, but with today’s medical technology it has become much easier. Some diseases that are linked to stomach bleeding are listed below.
When the mucosa (stomach lining) becomes irritated and inflamed, which is known as gastritis, will lead to erosion. Gastritis is classed to two different categories including erosive and nonerosive.
- Erosive Gastritis – sudden onset of symptoms, which is very short-term. The mucosa will wear away over time and stomach ulcer may develop.
- Nonerosive Gastritis – inflammation occurs, without erosion and ulcers developing.
A bacteria known as H. pylori, which can lead to infection, ulcers, cancer, and inflammation of the mucosa, when it invades the digestive tract. This infection is most often the culprit cause of nonerosive gastritis.
Reactive gastritis (reactive or chemical gastropathy) is often linked to excessive alcohol, cocaine, caffeine, and NSAID (Aspirin) consumption. This form of gastritis may lead to mucosa erosion, but most often does not cause inflammation.
An autoimmune response is when the immune cells accidentally attack the mucosa. This response is most often seen in individuals, who suffer from Crohn’s, food allergies, and sarcoidosis. The autoimmune response is often responsible for gastritis.
Stomach (peptic) ulcers (sores) will develop on the mucosa. When the mucosa becomes damaged, it is unable to produce adequate mucus, which is responsible for reducing gastric acid. The excessive amount of gastric acids will cause erosion of the mucosa and duodenum (upper part of the small intestine) over a period of time. Helicobacter pylori will also worsen this condition. Other causes of stomach ulcers include:
- Excessive stress
- Excessive intake of alcohol, nicotine, NSAIDs, spicy foods, caffeine
Stomach ulcers will heal over time, if they are properly treated, along with avoidance of the above foods and harmful substances.
Symptoms of Stomach Bleeding
Stomach bleeding is also linked to stomach cancer, so if you notice any of the symptoms below, be sure to schedule an appointment with your primary care physician.
- Hematemesis (vomiting bright red blood)
- Melena (Dark black, tarry stools)
- Anemia (low RBCs)
- Vertigo (dizziness)
- Abdominal pain
Your physician may refer you to a gastroenterologist or schedule you for an endoscopy exam or biopsy. Acid blockers are often prescribed to treat stomach ulcers and gastritis, but it is crucial to avoid self-medicating. If bleeding is severe, you may be scheduled for a series of testing. You may also need to undergo a surgical procedure to find the source and to fix the problem.