What Causes Low Calcium: Low Calcium Symptoms

Calcium is a very important salt that aids in proper functioning of the musculoskeletal and cardiovascular systems. Serum calcium levels can be altered by abnormally low parathyroid hormone levels. The adult normal serum calcium values range between 8.5-10.2 mg/dl. Other medical conditions that can affect serum calcium levels include pancreatitis, vitamin D, magnesium, and albumin deficiency, hepatic (liver) and renal diseases, and other disorders that alter nutrient absorption, which occurs within the intestines.

Low Calcium Causes

The above medical conditions are linked to hypocalcaemia, which can be life-threatening if left untreated. Hypoparathyroidism is more often linked to hypocalcaemia than any other disorder and commonly follows radical resection of the head and neck due to malignant tumors.

Digeorge syndrome is often found to be the factor related to some hypocalcaemia cases. Chemotherapy, sepsis, and specific medications can also lead to low calcium levels.

Low Calcium Signs

Symptoms of low calcium can vary from asymptomatic (no symptoms present) to severe including the most prominent neuromuscular irritability.

  • Tetany (intermittent muscular spasms)
  • Paresthesia (tingling in the finger tips)
  • Facial twitching
  • Convulsions
  • Neurological impairment (confusion, delusions, depression)
  • Dysrhythmia (irregular heartbeat)
  • Hypotension (low blood pressure levels)
  • Diaphoresis (excessive sweating)

Side Effects Of Low Calcium

While the signs of low calcium levels will vary from asymptomatic to moderate, the condition can lead to more severe complications.

  • Rickets (bone softening condition)
  • Osteoporosis
  • CHF (congestive heart failure)
  • Bronchospasms
  • Cataracts
  • Eczema
  • Dementia
  • Biliary colic

These are only a few of the low calcium side effects, if you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, you should follow up with your primary care physician.

Benefits Of Calcium Supplements

Serum calcium levels lower than 7.0 mg/dl will need to be treated with IV calcium infusion. It is important to note that IV calcium gluconate is more suitable for victims of hypocalcaemia, because it causes less tissue necrosis (death).

The daily recommended dose of calcium is as follows:

  • 0-6 months – 200 mg daily oral dose
  • 7-12 months – 260 mg daily oral dose
  • 1-3 years of age – 700 mg daily oral dose
  • 4-8 and 19-50 years of age – 1,000 mg daily oral dose
  • 9-13 years of age – 1,300 mg daily oral dose
  • 51-70 years of age – males 1,000 females 1,200 mg daily oral dose
  • over 71 years of age – 1,200 mg daily oral dose

Vitafusion Calcium Gummy Vitamins is one of the best calcium supplements of today’s market. Each gummy vitamin contains 500 mg of calcium and 1,000 IU of vitamin D. These are perfect for individuals that have difficulty swallowing large capsules or pills.