What Causes Random Nose Bleeds: Treatment For Nose Bleeds

Nosebleeds (epistaxis) are classified by blood loss from the nasal mucosa (lining). While most cases of epistaxis is a minor occurrence linked to allergies and rhinitis (common cold), there are some cases that are more severe and often linked to head trauma or nose fracture.

What Causes Nose Bleed

You may ask yourself, “Why is my nose bleeding”, which can be very worrisome, if it occurs often. The nasal cavity is filled with tiny blood vessels that tend to bleed very easily. Dry air can irritate the nasal mucosa and cause crusts to form, which will bleed when disturbed. Many children will pick these crusts and make their nose bleed, so it is important to encourage your young ones to avoid sticking their fingers in their nasal cavity.

Causes Of Nose Bleeding

Nose bleed causes are innumerable, but they often occur at the front of the septum (tissue that separates the two sides of the nose). Epistaxis that occurs deeper into the nasal cavity are more difficult to control, but they are less frequent than those that occur in the frontal septum.

Other causes of nose bleed includes:

  • Extremely dry/cold air
  • Nose picking
  • Forceful sneezing or blowing the nose
  • Over exposure of chemical irritants
  • Overuse of nasal sprays designed for frequent decongestant
  • Foreign object stuck in the nasal cavity

What Causes Nose Bleeds

Many nosebleeds may be classified as a secondary condition related to a primary medical condition. In these cases, it may be more difficult to control the nosebleed until the primary condition is treated properly. Some medical conditions that are often linked to nosebleeds include:

  • Hypertension (high blood pressure)
  • Clotting factor deficiencies (bleeding disorders)
  • Anticoagulants (blood thinners)
  • Sinus or nasal tumors

How To Stop Nose Bleeding

There are some things that you should avoid doing, when you are applying nose bleeds treatment. Never lie down in supine position (flat on back) or sniff/blow nose for several hours after the bleed stops. The proper way to treat a nosebleed is as follows:

  • Sit in a straight-back chair and lean forward
  • Pinch the soft nasal tissue located below the dorsum (bridge of the nose)
  • Breath through your oral cavity
  • Remain in this position for 10 minutes, before releasing to allow for clotting and the bleeding to cease

Cold packs can also be utilized to constrict the blood vessels, which will speed up the process. Never stick any type of gauze or tissue inside of the nasal cavity.

Nasal spray decongestants such as Afrin can also aid in vasoconstriction (constricting blood vessels), which will also help to control the bleeding.

Nose Bleeding Treatment

It is important to seek emergency treatment, if the bleeding has not stopped within 20 minutes of onset, follows head trauma, or fractured nose. A skull fracture may be the underlying factor of your nosebleed, if you where involved in a motor vehicle, sports, or playground accident. Medical treatments for nosebleed involves:

  • Packing of the nasal cavity
  • Anticoagulant adjustments
  • Removal of foreign objects
  • Silver nitrate sticks or cauterization
  • Treatment of hypertension or clotting factor disorder

You should consider following up with an ENT specialist, if you continue to experience frequent nosebleeds.